The nine muses of Greek Mythology – All you need to know

In Akropolis Village our villas have been named after four muses: Erato, Thalia, Kleio and Ourania.

What do you know about all nine muses of Greek mythology?

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The nine muses were daughters of Zeus and Mnimosene (Mnimi which means Memory in Greek). Originally they were Nymphs of the mountain and the waters. They were then worshiped as goddesses and were patrons of the arts, literature and science. They lived in Pieria Mountains and were closely connected to Zeus. Their teacher was Apollo, who conducted their choir.

In the 3rd century BC, games were held in their honor, the “Museia” (“Museums”). These games were strictly about music and  poetry. The prize for the winners was a wreath. After all museums were the places dedicated to muses and the arts they represented.

Let’s talk about each muse separately.

1. Kleio (Clio)

Muse of history. Her name is derived by kleō which means “narrate” or “make someone famous” in ancient Greek and kleōs means “glory”.  In most illustrations we see her with a book or plates or a roll of parchment with her stories written on it and a trumpet or lyre to recite them. In some of them she has an hourglass next to her, which symbolizes the time flow. It is said that she used it to narrate her stories in the correct time order. Most of the times we see her wearing a red mantle and a bay leaf wreath on the head. She fell in love with Adonis, with whom Aphrodite was in love too. That’s why Aphrodite punished her and made her love Pierrot. It is said that Kleio invented the guitar.

2. Kalliopi (Calliope)

Muse of epic and heroic poetry and rhetoric. Her name means “beautiful in sight” in Greek. It is a compound word by kalli which means “good” and opi (opsi) which means “sight”. She was the eldest of the muses and the kindest of all according to Hesiod. She was invoked by vocalists and minstrels for inspiration. She is depicted young, beautiful, with bay leaf branches in one hand and two books in the other. There are theories that even though she was a virgin she had three sons. Many consider that Homer was her son too.

3. Efterpi (Euterpe)

Muse of music. Her name means “please someone”. She is depicted with a bay leaf wreath on her head, holding or playing a musical flute or double flute. She belonged to the escort of Dionysus.

4. Terpsichore

Although she is the muse of dance she is depicted mostly sitting and holding a lyre. That is the reason that later she was considered the muse of lyric music. Her name means “the one who pleases with her dance” in Greek. It is a compound word by terpo which means “please” and choro which means “dance”.

5. Erato

Muse of love, hymenaeum and marriage. Her name comes from the Greek word eros which means “love”. It is considered she invented love poems. She is depicted with a rose wreath on her head, almost naked, holding a lyre. There are some paintings god Eros is sitting next to her. Her beauty is resembled with the one of goddess Aphrodite.

6. Melpomene

Muse of drama. Melpo, the first compound of her name, mean “melody” and the second compound comes from menos which means “anger”. She was mother of Sirens, who allured sailors with their songs and drowned them. It is considered that she invented barbiton, an ancient instrument (variation of lyre). She also belonged to the escort of Dionysus. She is depicted either wearing of holding the tragic mask of theater, holding a knife or a rod and looking angry. Mortals invoked her to help them weather the storm.

7. Thalia

Muse of comedy. Thallo means “bloom” in ancient Greek. It is considered that she discovered geometry, architecture and agriculture. She is depicted holding the comedy mask of theater on the one hand and an ivy wreath on the other.

8. Polymnia

Muse of divine hymns and grammar. Apart from being the muse of divine hymns, in the last years of the Roman Empire, she was also considered the muse of theatrical art. She is always depicted serious and contemplative, looking at the sky, with the finger of the right hand extended. She is mostly wearing a long mantel, veil and bay leaf wreath with pearls on her head. Later on, due to her name, it was considered that she helped with learning and memorize. That is why some people confuse her with her mother Mnemosyne.

9. Ourania (Urania)

Muse of astronomy and astrology and protector of the celestial bodies. She appears in modern depictions with a crown of stars on her head, a diabetes in one hand and a celestial sphere in the other. There she recorded the galaxies, the suns, the planets and the stars. She was also thought to have psychic abilities. It is said that although living in the celestial dome, in the summers she would descend to the Bardousia Mountains.

Make your holidays memorable in one of our beautiful villas during your stay in Karpathos.  And learn more about the history of the island in the article History of Karpathos island – the short version.

Don’t forget to make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

Get to know Easter traditions of Karpathos

Greek Orthodox Easter is mostly the same in every part of Greece. The most impressive differences in Karpathos are on Holy Friday and Easter Tuesday. Preparations start on Lazarous Saturday.

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Since Holy Monday until Holy Thursday women of the island bake Easter bagels, “poulous”, open “tourtes” (cakes), sweet “tourtes”, “avgoules” and herb pies. All wood-fired ovens are full of bakery products all day and all night.

  • Pouloi: Their other name is “christokouloura”, bread dedicated to Christ. Women make the characteristic “poulos”, i.e. thin, salty “buns” in the shape of “eight”, with a red dyed egg at one end.
  • Open “tourtes”: Open cheese pies with xinogalo (sour milk). Sour milk is a dairy product and is made from various types of milk, sheep’s, goat’s or cow’s milk. Sour milk is traditionally made from milk during the butter production process.
  • Sweet “tourtes”: Pies in half moon shape, sprinkled with sesame seeds. The dough is stuffed with mizithra (Greek whey cheese or mixed milk-whey cheese from sheep or goats, or both).
  • Avgoules: Bread served on Easter Sunday.They are shaped into round buns or long rolls and rolled in dough. They put the red dyed egg in the middle, like poulous and decorate it with gnocchi, birds, almonds and sesame seeds.
Holy Thursday

Easter festivities basically begin οn Holy Tuesday. The main activity of this day is the painting of the eggs. Orthodox Easter is not possible without red dyed eggs. That is why Holy Thursday is also called Red Thursday. Christian tradition wants eggs, a symbol of fertility and the beginning of a new cycle of life, to be dyed red because they symbolize the Blood of Christ. The first egg that is painted in each house is the one of the Virgin Mary and must not be broken but kept in the iconostasis (screen where Orthodoxs keep their icons) until the next Easter.

On the other hand, there is the tradition of decorating the Epitaph. Young women stay up all night decorating the wooden carved epitaph with all kinds of spring flowers. Usually the flowers are gathered from the morning of Holy Thursday from the gardens and courtyards of the houses in the villages as well as wild flowers from the fields. Women in Olympos place on the Epitaph fresh flower wreaths with photographs of their diseased husbands, sons or brothers, that died that year and a paper with written mantinada (a poem consisting of two lines that are usually fifteen syllables in rhyme or four half-stanzas that are not necessarily rhymed).

Holy Friday

Since noon bells of all churches are ringing mournfully. In Olympos women of all ages dress up with their mournful costumes. On the afternoon of Holy Friday, during matins, lamentations are sung before the Epitaph as at the tomb of Christ, while all hold lighted candles. Near the end of Matins, during the Great Doxology, a solemn procession with the Epitaph is held, with bells ringing the funeral toll, commemorating the burial procession of Christ. After the return of Epitaph to the church women unfold their hair and they start to sing dirges.

Holy Saturday

Women prepare the traditional lamb. They place rice, herbs and pieces of liver in the belly of the lamb and sew it. The lamb is roasted in the wood-fired oven overnight. On the evening of Holy Saturday the whole world gathers in the churches for the resurrection service.

Easter Monday

The most peculiar tradition is held in Spoa this day.  The hole village is separated in two teams, one consisted by women and the other one by men of all ages. It is basically a competition between the sexes.  The two teams pull a rope. When one team manages to throw the other and finally wins, the celebration begins with mantinades.

Easter Tuesday

In the villages of Menetes, Pyles, Olympos and Spoa villagers remove all religious icons from the churches. The place scarves on them and they start a parade. They go through the fields and their first stop is at Eleomonitria spring. There they make a prayer for the drought. On their way back to the churches they pass from the cemetery. The icons pass by each tomb separately, where the women have placed flowers and “tourtes” fro their loved ones. After returning to the village and stopping in every house people gather in front of the church. An auction starts and the ones who bids the most money takes the icon and places it inside the church in its original spot. This particular tradition is held in Arkasa on Easter Monday.

Karpathos has a very large and rich folk culture and still maintains its traditions with great dedication. Learn more about its history in the article History of Karpathos island – the short version.

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Local kitchen of Karpathos – The Specialties you have to taste

In Karpathos every visitor tastes the authentic and genuine flavors of the place. There are many family taverns that serve local dishes made from healthy and fresh ingredients that are worth trying while you are on the island for your holidays.

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1. Traditional dishes
  • Makarounes (handmade pasta): The most famous dish of Karpathos. Its shape is usually small cylinders (like a scoop), but it can also be seen as small, flat strips like tagliatelle.
  • Kolokithopoulia: Zucchini flower stuffed with rice.
  • Stuffed lamb with groat: Baked for about 20 hours in a traditional wood-fired oven.
  • Ofto: Goat stuffed with rice, liver and herbs baked in the oven.
  • Vizanti: Lamb or goat stuffed with rice and herbs baked in a traditional clay utensil.
  • Anterizia: Intestines stuffed with rice, chopped meat and spices. At first they are fried in a pan, then sewn and boiled in salted water and finally fried in a bit of oil.
  • Pseftomakarounes: Little cubes of dried bread boiled in salted water until they are soften.
  • Hondros: Broken wheat in thick pieces with meat and tomato. It is mostly served on weddings. On the festivals it is served with sauteed onion.
2. Pies
  • Kopeles: Pies with different vegetables depending on the season. In winter they use spinach and leek and in summer they use sprouts and zucchini.
  • Tourta (cheese pie): The dough is stuffed with mizithra (Greek whey cheese or mixed milk-whey cheese from sheep or goats, or both) and sprinkled with sesame seeds.
  • Gra: Pie with greens and thick dough which is baked in a tin baking tray in a wood-fired oven.
3. Sweets
  • Baklava: No it is not the same as the Turkish baklava. This is Cretan diples made of thin sheet-like dough that are fried in oil, dipped in syrup and served with grated walnut.
  • Sisamomeli: Sweet made of sesame seeds and honey. It is mostly served at weddings.
  • Moschopougkia: Dough in half moon shape, stuffed with nuts and served with powdered sugar.
  • Xilikopites: Very thin sheet of dough cut into squares, fried in hot oil and served with honey.
  • Spoon sweets: Made of quince, fig, grape and sour cherry.
4. Bakery products
  • Kousoumas: Little breads baked in a wood-fired oven until they become rusks.
  • Kremidokouloura: Spicy bagels, very crunchy, with lots of spices and lots of unions, sprinkled with sesame seeds.
  • Christopsomo: A bread dedicated to Christ specially made on Christmas. It is made with cinnamon, mastic, cloves and sprinkled sesame seeds.
  • Christokouloura: A salty bread dedicated to Christ specially made on Easter. It is made in an eight shape and they place a red dyed egg on the one hole of the “eight” before baking it.
5. Miscellaneous
  • Fresh fishes: Most inhabitants are fishermen. Do not hesitate to taste skarous, sardines, sargus and vlachous.
  • Sitaka: It looks like yogurt. It is made of sheep or goat milk depending the season. Producers allow the milk to sour first. They boil it 8-10 hours, stirring it constantly with a wooden stick until all fluids evaporate. The solid product that remains is called “sour” sitaka. If they add fresh milk in the sour one, before boiling, it is called “sweet” sitaka.
  • Cheeses: The most famous ones are the soft manouli, armotiri (very salty hard cheese) and meriari (made of goat milk).
  • Alohorta: Little greens that sprout among thorns on the mountain cliffs and eaten as salad.
  • Caper bud: The salted and pickled caper bud (called simply a “caper”) is used as an ingredient, seasoning, or garnish. Capers are a common ingredient in Mediterranean cuisine, especially Greek. The immature fruit of the caper shrub are prepared similarly and marketed as “caper berries”. Fully mature fruit are not preferred, as they contain many hard seeds.

Gastronomy tourism is considered a vital component of the tourism experience. Depending on what you’re looking for – good food, wine, olives, sweets, cheeses, or something else, Karpathos can satisfy everyone’s taste. After all you can learn many things about a place you visit by it’s cuisine.

And don’t forget that you can bring some goods with you back home. Read more about it at our article Traditional products of Karpathos.

Make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

Traditional products of Karpathos

While Karpathos is a mountainous island, it is quite fertile and offers many products to its inhabitants and visitors. Moreover the island is know for being faithful to its traditions.

Make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

There are many shops were you can find many local products. What to buy before leaving the island, either for yourself or for your loved ones?

1. Wine – Raki

Karpathos has many vineyards. That’s why there also are many small wineries. It has preserved some old-age habits in its wine production and its peculiar wines. The most famous ones are:

  • Semi-sweet red from the mountainous part of the island in Othos and Volada.
  • Athiri. An ancient white grape variety of the Aegean Sea, which was used for centuries for the production of excellent white dry wines. Its simple and not at all heavy structure and its mild taste make Athiri suitable for a wide range of dishes.
  • Fokiano. A sweet wine produced by a rare, robust variety, resistant to disease and drought.
  • Cretan thrapsathiri. A white wine with pale yellowish green colour. Excellent accompaniment to rich dishes, with intensity and complexity.
  • Gaidouria. A particularly rare white variety, thistle is found on the Cyclades Islands and has a soft, sweet taste.

In addition to wine there is also production of raki, the alcoholic beverage produced by the fermentation and distillation of the grapes.

In the wineries of the island there are tasting rooms, where you can taste wines from different bottles and a shop to buy the ones you like the most.

2. Olives – olive oil

According to the Greek tradition, the first olive tree was planted in the Acropolis. It is said that it was a gift from the goddess Athena to the citizens of Athens. Olive oil was mentioned by Homer as “Liquid Gold”. Olive trees are widely grown throughout Greece and the cultivation in Karpathos covers the largest percentage of the cultivated area of the island. They are mainly of the Koroneiki variety. Small olives are also cultivated for table use.

3. Honey

Honey is the first traditional sweetener used by Greeks since antiquity. In fact, honey along with olives and grapes formed the beginnings of Greek gastronomy. In Karpathos there is honey production from thyme (summer), sage (autumn) and eriki or Erica Calluna (winter).

4. Leather boots

They are called stivania and you can find them in Olympos. Part of the traditional outfit of the the village, these boots are handmade by goat leather. The bright red color that the women’s stivania have, along with their ornate embroidery make them distinct works of art. The embroidery is made by hand or machine. Single women were stivania with more ornaments than the married ones who ware stivani with simpler embroidery.

5. Woven products

In Olympos you can also find many woven products. In the past, the women of the village used to weave everything from sheets to bags for the farmers and shepherds, capes and more. In the local market today you can find many woven products like decorative pieces, with traditional patterns, bags etc.

6. Other

Other traditional products you can find in Karpathos are hand-painted wooden or clay plates, spoon sweets (made with quince, fig, grape, sour cherry), leather slippers, traditional scarves, Greek herbs of the island such as thyme, oregano, sage and lavender for your kitchen and many more.

Make your holidays memorable by bringing back home special souvenirs from Karpathos.

And don’t forget to make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

History of Karpathos island – the short version

Karpathos is firstly mentioned by Homer as Krapathas and the earliest occupation of the island is placed in the 2nd millennium BC by Cretans. After all, due to its geographical position, was a “bridge” between the Dodecanese and Crete. Historians and archeologists found many proofs that makes sure that this island has a rich history throughout centuries.

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1. Neolithic Period

The first human occupation is placed around 4000-3000 BC (Late Neolithic – Early Bronze Age). The first inhabitants it it looks like they came from Crete and this is testified by the findings of their settlement in Pigadia and the two farmhouses that were excavated in Afiarti.

2. Neo-Palatial Period

During the “Age of Minoan Seafaring and Minoan Colonization” (about 1700-1450 BC) Karpathos seems to have a purely Minoan character. The historian Diodorus Sikeliotis mentions that the first inhabitants were sent as colonists by King Minos. During this period the island is economically and culturally developed. A characteristic find of the period is the Acropolis of the Mycenaeans on the hill of Paleokastro in Arkasa.

3. Archaic Period

There aren’t many findings about this period apart from the Tetrapolis of Karpathos, as Strabo implies. It was consisted of four ancient cities, as the name suggests. More information about Tetrapolis you can read in the article Karpathos Sightseeing.

4. Classical-Hellenistic Period

Karpathos is economically vibrant and culturally thriving. It developed cultural and economic relations with Rhodes as the island was included in the great naval and cultural power of the Rhodian state.

5. Roman & Byzantine period

In 42 BC the island was conquered by the Romans. Because of its geographical position, it seems to have been one of Rome’s three great naval stations in the Mediterranean. It controlled the passage of Roman ships from the south-eastern Mediterranean to the Aegean Sea. Under Diocletian (284-305 AD) it was included in the Provincia Insularum (“Province of the Islands”) with Rhodes. The presence of Christianity in Karpathos dates back quite early as evidenced by the findings of twenty early Christian basilicas found on the island.

6. Mid 7th to mid 10th century AD

The prosperity of the early Christian years of the island was violently interrupted in the 7th century with the invasions of the Persians, the Arabs and the Saracens. This was an era of decay and desolation, when pirates spread terror in the abandoned coastal settlements. This lead to the relocation of the inhabitants to the interior of the island for security reasons and creation of the medieval mountain villages that survive to this day.

7. Early history

From 1206 to 1224 the island, together with Kassos and Rhodes, came under the rule of Leo Gavalas, who was proclaimed “Lord” of Rhodes and Karpathos and “Caesar” of the Sporades. From 1234 various rulers held the sovereignty of Karpathos until 1538, with the invasion of the island by the Ottomans. In 1821, Karpathos rebelled and took part in the struggle for independence. At the end of the Revolution, however, it remained, along with the other Dodecanese, part of the Ottoman Empire, since for about ten years it fought for freedom and breathed the air of independence. In 1912, the Turkish occupation was succeeded by the Italian occupation. In 1944, the Carpathians rise up against the Italians and invite the English allies who occupy the island. In March 1948, Karpathos, along with the rest of the Dodecanese, was incorporated into Greece.

A special part of the local history of the island is the folk architecture of its residential areas. Karpathos, apart from the beautiful images, the charming villages and the hospitable people, has a wealth of attractions to visit on your holidays.

Don’t forget to make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

Best beaches in Karpathos

You have decided to visit Karpathos this summer and you want to know all about its beaches. Karpathos, the second largest island of the Dodecanese after Rhodes, has 160 kilometers coastline. First of all there are organized beaches with umbrellas and sunbeds and not organized beaches, to relax and enjoy the Greek sun and sea. On the west the beaches have sand and on the east pebbles.

But let’s see some of the most famous beach in detail.

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  • Apella. The most popular beach of the island, which is listed among the top beaches in Greece. High mountains, steep cliffs, giant rocks, crystal clear turquoise sea and pine trees that reach out to the white sand at many points compose a landscape of unparalleled natural beauty. Apella beach has been voted twice as the best European Beach. Access to the beach is either by sea with boats or through a road. Part of the beach is organized, while a few meters above the coast there is a tavern. If you still want natural shade, you can find it under the pine trees at the top of the beach. The seabed is impressive and due to the clear water, there are numerus sea life. That makes it suitable for diving. Caution: The water deepens steeply, so be careful if you have young children or you don’t know how to swim well.
  • Kira Panagia. Located on the north-east side of the island. It is the most photographed sandy beach. There are pine trees that reach down to the sandy beach. This beach has a little church dedicated to Virgin Mary on the one upper side. It has umbrellas, sunbeds and a beach bar. Above the beach there are taverns, restaurants and cafes.
  • Mikri (Little) and Megali (Large) Amoopi. Two beaches, side by side, that are sheltered from the winds and have shallow, warm waters. They are the favorite beaches for families with young children. You can find nearby taverns and restaurants. In Megali Amoopi, apart from umbrellas and sunbeds, there is also a water sports center. There are frequent bus routes to the beach from Pigadia.
  • Afoti. It is a sandy beach next to Pigadia. There are bars and taverns where you can enjoy drinks and traditional food. On this beach you can also visit the ruins of the early Christian Basilica of Agia Fotini.
  • Agios Theodoros (Saint Theodor). Located in the area of Arkassa, very close to Afiarti. A small organized beach with small pebbles. The crystal-clear waters are full of fish so it is ideal for snorkeling and fishing. It has a large parking area, next to which there is a restaurant and a small picturesque chapel.
  • Agios Nikolaos Arkasas (Saint Nikolas Arkasas). With golden sand and turquoise waters it is considered the best beach for bodysurfing due to the winds that usually blow in the area and the sea waves. On some days, with clear sky, you can see Kasos Island from there.
  • Agios Nikolaos Spoa (Saint Nikolas Spoa). There are actually two small pebbly beaches separated by a few rocks, but joined by a path. Apart from the sunbeds and umbrellas, there are showers and a changing room. Above the first beach there are some fish taverns, while above the second beach there is a refreshment canteen.
  • Diakoftis. With white sand and turquoise shallow waters, ideal for families. A strip of sand, rocks and cedars separates the beach in two parts. The access is difficult through a soil road. It is considered one of the most beautiful beaches of the island and is quite popular.
  • Ahata. A small beach in a cove, combines sand and pebbles with crystal clear, emerald green waters that deepen steeply. Several caves around offer great opportunity for snorkeling and exploring as well. Part of the beach is organized and there is a tavern but in the wider area there is no other kind of tourist infrastructure. If you want to avoid driving, there are tourist boats that visit the beach starting from Pigadia.
  • Lefkos. It’s covered with fine sand. The smooth entrance to the water makes it ideal for families with children. There are many taverns, restaurants, cafes and in the village of Kato Lefkos you can also find small grocery stores.
  • Potali. A large beach with pebbles and deep waters with plenty of waves.
  • Foiniki. It is a small sandy beach with crystal clear waters and some trees. Its waters are shallow and calm and above the beach there are fish taverns.
  • Christou Pigadi. You can find it on the road from Pigadia to the airport. It consists of fine pebbles and there is a natural spring that flows into the sea and makes the water much cooler.
  • Damatria. A big beach, with big white pebbles and shallow clear water. There are few umbrellas and sunbeds but no dining facilities.
  • Mihaliou Kipos. In a small picturesque bay in the area of Afiartis, with impressive rock formations and sea caves. With a few umbrellas and sunbeds while nearby there is also a snack bar.
  • Agios (Saint) Minas. On the way to Olympos, you can find the beach of Agios Minas. The access is quite difficult by road and easier by boat. Nearby there are two taverns that cover the basic needs for food.
  • Vananda. A quiet beach, with pebbles while in the sea there are stones. There are some trees that provide shade.
  • Agrilaopotamos. The ideal small sandy beach for windsurf and kitesurf, with view of neighboring Kasos Island. It usually has strong winds which make swimming difficult. If you choose to swim there the waters are crystal clear and deepen smoothly and the seabed is sandy with pebbles in some places.
  • Psorari. One of the most quiet and deserted beaches, next to Diakoftis.
  • Palatia Sarias (Saria islet). You can go with a tourist boat from Diafani. Although it is a protected area (European Ecological Network NATURA 2000), you can visit Saria and swim to its blue crystal sea.
  • Prasonisi. These are actually two small beaches located opposite the homonymous island. The sea is shallow and the waters are clear, while the sand on the beach is mixed with large pebbles and stones.
  • Papa Minas. Also called Thalassodentra or Thalassopounda. It is next to Diafani. With dark sand and trees that reach the sea.

This is the second largest island of the Dodecanese after Rhodes, a picturesque island, faithful to its traditions, full of peculiarities and rich in sightseeing. Read our article about Karpathos Sightseeing.

Whichever beach you choose, one thing is certain. Karpathos is a unique place with organized and virgin beaches with turquoise waters and magnificent sunsets.

Don’t forget to make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

Karpathos Sightseeing

Karpathos, the second largest island of the Dodecanese after Rhodes, is a picturesque island, faithful to its traditions, full of peculiarities and rich in sightseeing.

Make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

Let’s see some of them together.

1. Tetrapolis (Four Cities)

The Tetrapolis of Karpathos was consisted of four ancient cities, as the name suggests.

  • Vrykous. It was located on the northern coast of the island on the present-day Vrykounda peninsula. Games dedicated to Asclepius were held there. It is considered that it was abandoned at the 7th century B.C., due to Arabic invasions or that it was destroyed by an earthquake. There are several carved graves, but no offerings were found due to the thefts.
  • Arkasia in Palaiokastro, with Akropolis, towers from the Classical and Hellenistic Era and ancient reservoirs. There are also the foundations of the three-aisled, basilica, early Christian church, with semicircular arches and marble columns of Saint Anastasia. Next to it you can find the church of Saint Sofia built with materials from the ancient temple. In this church you can find a baptistery with an interesting story. It is said that although it was stolen by pirates, it was found floating in the sea by locals. They retrieved it and put it back to its place.
  • Ancient Potideon or Poseidion. Today’s city of Karpathos. The oldest findings indicate that it was inhabited between the Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age. The most important finding was a stone figurine of a female deity (~3000 B.C.).
  • Saros on the islet of Saria. There are scattered ancient monuments from the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age. On the 5th century it belonged to the Athenian Alliance. There are early Christian and medieval buildings, but also a medieval village of the 10th century, which is thought to have been either Arab or a base for Saracen pirates. Today it hosts rare fauna and is a biotope, which is why many residents are scientists.

The most famous village of the island placed on the northern part. It’s a medieval head-village, which has been characterized since 2008 as the “City of the living popular polisitism of the Dodecanese”. It was founded when Vrykounda was abandoned. The most interesting thing about this village is that its inhabitants ware their traditional outfits and talk their local dialect in their everyday life.

3. Ancient Venetian castle and acropolis in Aperi

Apart from the ancient ruins, there are ancient springs like Mesi Vrisi (Middle Spring) and Kyrkalou spring and a stone bridge from the period of Italian dominance. Moreover you can visit the church of Virgin Mary Hryssopolitissa. The religious icon of Virgin Mary was found by a fisherman floating in the sea. In his attempt to catch, he threw an axe attached to a rope. You can still see the slit on the icon’s surface.

4. Roman reservoir (underground water tank) in Lefkos

One of the best reserved monuments on the island. It is carved in a big rock. The main hall is rectangular, with three rows of pillars, on which four rows of rectangular slabs rest. These slabs form the roof. It also has seven blind galleries with vaulted ceilings.

5. Churches

There are eighteen (18) churches on the island. There are among them Saint Anastasia (see above) and Saint Fotini, an early Christian three-aisled basilica with marble decorations.

6. Windmills

On the mountain above Olympos, you can see the abandoned windmills, the most photographed place of the island. This specific windmill species with a horseshoe shape is only found here and in Crete.

7. Museums
  • Archeological Museum of Karpathos. Established in the Eparchio, a complex of three buildings built during the Italian occupation and housing the Italian headquarters. It includes findings from prehistoric, historical and Byzantine times. During your visit you can also see the wall fresco of the arch of the church of the Holy Apostles with the theme of the Adoration of the three hierarchs.
  • Folklore museum Meneton. It is a two-storey building approximately 200 years old, originally built as a church. On the ground floor there are farming tools, traditional kitchen utensils and on the upper floor, which has a pebbled floor, there are everyday objects, musical instruments and photographs.
  • Ecclesiastical, historical and folklore museum of Arkassa. There are findings from the Acropolis of Arkassa and the church of Saint Anastasia.
  • Folklore museum of Othos. A building which is accurate representation of a traditional Karpathian home. There is a low section with a pebbled floor, with a sofa and a low wooden round table and a raised wooden loft where the family slept. You can also see folk art items such as ceramics and textiles, kitchen utensils and farming tools.

Karpathos, apart from the beautiful images, the charming villages and the hospitable people, has a wealth of attractions to visit on your holidays.

Don’t forget to make your reservation at Akropolis Village on time.

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